International Trade

Tax & Vat Alert

We provide a wealth of publications by PwC South Africa providing informed commentary on current developments in the tax arena, both locally and internationally. Through analysis and comment on new law and judicial decisions of interest, they assist business executives...

tax and vat

SA Budget

Across the world, there is impatience at the slow pace and poor outcomes of international cooperation, and there is anger about the impact of financial and governance failures on ordinary people, on employment and on livelihoods. But anger is not enough – we have...

Paying Taxes

Paying Taxes is a unique study from PwC, World Bank and IFC which looks at the world's tax systems from the business perspective, providing an ability to compare tax regimes in 185 economies using a case study company...

ED Practices and remuneration trends report

As the global economy has shown signs of market recovery but not at the pace anticipated, we are finding companies are once again investing in recruiting and retaining talent in an effort to align people strategy with...

AfriTax News

Welcome to AfriTax, our quarterly newsletter which provides you with a snapshot of the most significant recent tax changes on the African continent. For more detail on the relevant changes, go to the link containing a detailed document summarising the changes...

Tax article

Non-Executive Directors Report

Welcome to our sixth edition of the annual review of the practices and fees trends of non-executive directors in South Africa. For the first time, this publication looks at the risk landscape facing...

Tax Law Review

The introduction of the TAA (Tax Administration Act) is primarily intended to incorporate into one piece of legislation certain generic administrative provisions which are currently duplicated in various Tax Acts. Whilst this is a meaningful result in itself...

Tax article

HR Quarterly

A monthly journal published by PwC South Africa providing informed commentary on current developments in the tax arena, both locally and internationally. Through analysis and comment on new law and judicial decisions of interest, it assists business executives to identify developments and trends in tax law...

Human resources

Tax Synopsis

A monthly journal published by PwC South Africa providing informed commentary on current developments in the tax arena, both locally and internationally....


For businesses that trade cross-border, there are a series of trade instruments governed by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), as well as trade agreements that can be used to grow sustainable enterprises.

Trade instruments take many forms. In addition to tariffs (import duties) and safeguards, Government can impose anti-dumping duties when imports are being ‘dumped’ in the South African market. Government can also impose countervailing duties on products that are subsidised in the country of origin.

Business may also face trade barriers in the form of safety, environmental or sanitary specifications. While these measures are a useful tool to stop poor-quality goods from entering a market, they must be proportionate and necessary for the objective pursued.

We can help you find the right solution

  • Assisting in anti-dumping investigations, that is, when the competing imported product is being imported into South Africa at a lower price than its price in the country of origin, and this is causing injury to the domestic industry;
  • Assisting in countervailing (anti-subsidy) investigations when the competing producers in the country of export are benefiting from governmental subsidies, and this is causing injury to the domestic industry;
  • Requesting tariff increases and safeguards measures if your industry requires tariff protection in view of increases in imports;
  • Requesting tariff decreases when the import duties for your inputs are a factor that impedes the competitiveness of your industry.
  • Carrying out legal and economic analyses regarding the correctness of sanitary and technical specifications imposed in third countries;
  • Proposing appropriate courses of action before the WTO and other international organisations in dealings between the Government and the industry;
  • Applying for the adoption of mandatory technical standards affecting the marketing of products.
  • Providing relevant information on the duties and regulations to be complied with when exporting to other countries;
  • Preparing and submitting to authorities of third countries legal and economic opinions on measures affecting your exports;
  • Representing your company in anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguards investigations in third countries.
  • Assessing compatibility of measures affecting the trading of products from or into South Africa with the rules of the WTO and other international trade agreements;
  • Liaising with governments with a view to raising possible trade-related concerns at WTO committees and the WTO Dispute Settlement Body.
  • Assisting governments in the formulation of trade policy instruments, including the drafting of trade-related legislation, as well as technical and sanitary standards;
  • Assisting in the design of export promotion schemes and programmes for the protection and development of domestic industries;
  • Providing technical capacity (e.g. workshops and training) to government officials and private companies on legal and economic aspects of international trade.
  • Conducting economic and industry analyses regarding the feasibility of designating a product for purposes of governmental purchases;
  • Requesting designation of products under the Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act.
  • Assessing the state of industries and providing advice on the potential trade opportunities and actions to streamline their economic performance.

PwC South Africa has unparalleled expertise in identifying the relevant trade instruments available to business to achieve optimum results. Our team has experience in dealing with the Department of Trade and Industry (the DTI), the International Trade Administration Commission (ITAC), the South African Revenue Services (SARS), the WTO, the European Commission and several trade agencies around the world.