Over-regulation, geopolitical uncertainty, exchange rate volatility, and skills are key CEO concerns
Worldwide, governments and business leaders are facing the challenge of rising geopolitical uncertainty and a more connected – yet in many ways more divergent – world.
And to meet these challenges, the public sector needs to redefine its purpose, collaborate with business to build the foundations of growth, and measure success in smarter ways.
These are some of the conclusions arising from PwC’s 19th Annual Global CEO Survey, with the responses of 1,409 business leaders in 83 countries worldwide being added to valuable insights from 37 government representatives and state-backed CEOs.
The headline survey findings show that only 27% of CEOs think economic growth will improve in 2016, down 10 points on last year. And CEOs’ confidence in the growth of their own companies has also fallen, with 35% worldwide saying they are very confident their company’s revenues will grow in the next 12 months – down from 39% last year.
But it’s the CEO answers to questions about their concerns that reveal where government action is needed. Two-thirds of CEOs see more threats facing their business today than three years ago. Over-regulation once again tops the list, named by 79% of CEOs worldwide, and 83% of CEOs in South Africa.
But the sharpest rise is geopolitical uncertainty, which has jumped from fourth in CEO concerns last year to second this year, cited by 74% of business leaders. As a result, concerns about availability of key skills have dropped from second to fourth, but remain a concern for nearly three quarters (72%) of CEOs. Worries about exchange rate volatility are in third place (73%). All these threats to business have government at their heart.
The top three potential economic and policy threats highlighted by South African CEOs were: 90% cited Government response to fiscal deficit and debt burden; 90% cited social instability; and 83% cited high unemployment or underemployment.
Perhaps reflecting these threats to their businesses, CEOs place at the top of their wish list for government attention: a clearly understood, stable and effective tax system (56%), a skilled, educated and adaptable workforce (53%), and adequate physical and digital infrastructure (50%).
Just under half of South African CEOs (47%) thought the Government had been effective in achieving workforce diversity and inclusiveness. But 100% felt the Government had been ineffective in achieving high levels of employment. When asked what should be a top priority for business to help deliver, 80% of South African CEOs cited a skilled, educated and adaptable workforce, and 60% cited workforce diversity and inclusiveness.
Shirley Machaba, Partner in Charge of the PwC Menlyn Office, and Public Sector Leader for PwC Southern Africa, says: “In addition, CEOs see the need to pay attention to wider stakeholder needs, with government and regulators only second behind customers in their impact on organisations’ strategies. This may provide public sector bodies with more opportunity to work with business to co-produce the societal outcomes that the public wants and needs.”
Following the recent launch of the Global CEO Survey,, PwC’s Public Sector Research Centre has published its latest report entitled Government & the Global CEO: Redefining success in a changing world. This calls for public sector leaders to do more to help business and society by responding in four key ways:
1. Redefine purpose and restore public finances: delivering better for less. Fiscal deficits remain in the spotlight, with 71% (72% last year) of CEOs surveyed ‘somewhat’ or ‘extremely’ concerned about this threat. The challenge remains for public sector organisations to ‘do better for less’ and strategically manage their costs in the face of budgetary pressure and ever-increasing demands on public services.
In this context, it is essential to take a fundamental look at the purpose of public bodies; to build the digital capability of public sector organisations; and boost the agility and resilience to cope with future changes.
2. Actively own and manage state backed organisations. State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) are an influential force globally, and this year 12% of the CEOs surveyed lead organisations with some form of state backing. In contrast to the private sector where the customer is king, government and regulators have a ‘high’ or ‘very high’ impact for 87% of state backed CEOs.
It’s therefore important that SOEs are actively owned and managed by their state backers. This requires those undertaking key roles in state-backed organisations, particularly the board and executive leadership, to have:
3. Build the foundations for growth. For over three quarters of the CEOs surveyed this year having a skilled, educated and adaptable workforce is a key outcome today, and is also considered to be the most important priority for business itself to deliver.
Acquiring the right skills is clearly an essential prerequisite to the desired outcomes for citizens, particularly new entrants to the labour force, of getting a job and earning a decent income. But another key issue is matching people to opportunities so that the right skills are in the right places at the right time.
In addition, business needs effective, efficient and sustainable infrastructure – the backbone on which economic success and prosperity can grow. In particular, transport, which is so important for connectivity nationally and internationally, needs particular focus.
4. Measure success in new ways. The 19th Annual Global CEO Survey looks at the ways in which CEOs are redefining business success. Around three quarters (76%) of CEOs agree that in future business success will be defined by more than just financial profit; and many agree that they should be doing more to measure and communicate their impact on wider stakeholders. The starting point for CEOs is to redefine success fundamentally, such that creating societal value is part and parcel of a profitable enterprise.
Concludes Machaba: “Government and business leaders across the world are facing the challenge of rising geopolitical uncertainty and a more connected – yet in many ways more divergent - world.
“As the world tries to cope with consequent rising tensions, we remain optimistic that together business and government can deliver what citizens really want, by putting good growth and good jobs at the heart of the purpose and mission of our public bodies.”